1) Compare and contrast extrinsic and intrinsic motivation (include examples of each). Describe the role each plays in motivating and sustaining creativity. Explain which, if any, you think is the most important for the creative process and why.
(15-20 sentences; in-text citation from the chapters- uploaded files and a reference; in-text citation from the scholar article and a reference)
2.1) For replies agree and extend their point of view with the uploaded material. (5-6 sentences per each; no references)
Most psychologists have come up with different theories of explaining the concept of motivation, also analyzing whether motivation comes from the internal or external of a person. Research has shown that both the intrinsic and extrinsic types of motivation exhibit different effects on an individual’s quest for their goals and behaviours. Extrinsic motivation can be seen when individuals engage in certain activities or behaviours just because they want to avoid some type of punishment or they want to gain a certain reward (Ryan et al 2000). Individuals do not engage in these behaviors or activities because they find some joy or satisfaction in doing them, they engage in them for what they will get in return or to avoid some type of punishment.
Intrinsic motivation on the other hand is when an individual engages in certain activity or behaviour because they find it to be rewarding. One performs a certain activity without expecting any eternal reward because they view the activity as to be rewarding just by engaging in it. Activities such as engaging in a sports activity with the aim of getting a reward, cleaning and arranging your bedroom so as to avoid being punished by your parents, getting into a contest with the purpose of wanting to win a scholarship and working hard in school so as to get good grades are all examples of extrinsic motivation. Moreover those rewards given for participating in or finishing an activity, decreases intrinsic interest (Sawyer, 2013).
I think that extrinsic motivation should not be used consistently so as to minimize the effect of over justification, this is the from the findings that giving eternal rewards in excess for a behavior that is internally rewarding can cause a reeducation in intrinsic motivation.
Sawyer, R. K. (2013). Explaining creativity: The science of human innovation. Oxford University Press, 79-91
Amabile, T. M. (1993). Motivational synergy: Toward new conceptualizations of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in the workplace. Human resource management review, 3(3), 185-201.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: Classic definitions and new directions. Contemporary educational psychology, 25(1), 54-67.
2.2) Hey everyone,
Extrinsic motivation involves carrying out a task or demonstrating a behavior because of outside causes such as getting a reward or avoiding punishment. Intrinsic motivation involves executing a task because it’s directly rewarding to you.
Some examples of extrinsic motivation would be helping others because you hope for praise or volunteering because it looks good on a resume. Some examples of intrinsic motivation would be reading a book because you want to learn something new or performing on an open mic night because you like how it makes you feel.
(Cherry, 2022) Both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation play a significant role in learning. Experts have argued that education’s traditional emphasis on external rewards (such as grades, report cards, and gold stars) undermines any existing intrinsic motivation that students might have. Others have suggested that extrinsic motivators help students feel more competent in the classroom, which in turn enhances their intrinsic motivation.
I think both of these motivations foster creativity. If you are painting a picture to sell it or because you love painting the creativity is still there. I think that intrinsic motivation is most important for the creative process. when you are doing something because it drives you and not for materialistic reasons, I think that would allow more creativity to flow organically.
Cherry, K. (2022). Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic Motivation: What’s the Difference?. Retrieved 10 May 2022, from https://www.verywellmind.com/differences-between-e…
Sawyer, R. K. (2013). Explaining creativity: The science of human innovation. Oxford University Press
2.3) Hello Everyone!
We understand that motivation to complete a task or schedule a date takes some motivation with personal input. Understanding the differences behind motivation, more explicitly speaking, extrinsic and intrinsic, allows us to break down clearly what motivates creativity. According to our presentation, “extrinsic motivation can be defined as leveraging rewards and punishment to achieve a particular outcome” (Componential Model of Creativity, 2022). Intrinsic motivation is “often found in tasks that match a person’s expertise” (Componential Model of Creativity, 2022). Understanding these definitions is helpful for us to relate to everyday tasks we as people encounter to develop our motivation for creativity within our careers, personal life, and even within education. “The main difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is that intrinsic motivation leads to performing an activity for its enjoyment, while extrinsic motivation leads to doing it for a separable outcome or an outside incentive other than enjoyment” (Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation – Differences & Examples, n.d.). Examples of intrinsic motivation are reading a book for self-enjoyment, while extrinsic would read a book for a project or better educate themselves. Another example of intrinsic motivation is running a race for self-enjoyment, and irrelevant is to win the top place on the scoreboard. Simple activities and creative efforts are found daily depending on what side you feel more fulfilled. I believe it is ok and expected for a balance between the two. Developing a creative process while utilizing these different methods in specific situations allows us to have fulfillment and enjoyment in particular events, such as academics. Achieving a degree can be both intrinsic and extrinsic. Balance is always crucial for a happy life.
Componential Model of Creativity. (2022). [Slides]. Thomas Jefferson. https://jefferson.instructure.com/courses/26122/pages/unit-2-readings-and-resources?module_item_id=1539971
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation – Differences & Examples. (n.d.). Parenting for Brain. Retrieved May 11, 2022, from https://www.parentingforbrain.com/difference-betwe…
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