map skills critical thinking



Critical Thinking and Skills Based Assignment 4 (Chapters 13-16)AMH 1010

Directions:Please pick two (2) map activities from below to complete.

Please include the map number (for example, Map 1.1 or Map 2.3) for each map activity. Include the questions in your response and answer the questions for each map activity in complete sentences. You will be graded for both the accuracy of your response and your grammar, spelling, etc.Be sure to proof your work carefully and to complete the assignment on your own.The Reading the Maps questions will vary in the length of answer required ranging from one sentence to a paragraph. You are to answer these questions by reading the map so your answer must be supported by information found on the map. The Connections questions require a longer response of a paragraph or two. The activities are in your textbook (it is noted if not in the value edition) and in the PowerPoints provided in the content section.

Map Activity Choices (Choose 2 activities in total from all the options listed below. A map activity will have a specific number, such as Map 1.1.You are to do two map activities from the entire unit. You may do two from one chapter or pick one from different chapters.):

Chapter 13 – Map Activity Choice Five: Map 13.1 Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire 1820 & 1860

Information: As the production of cotton soared, the slave population increased dramatically. Slaves continued to toil in tobacco and rice fields, but in Alabama, Mississippi, and Texas, they increasingly worked on cotton plantations.

Reading the Map:

1)Where was slavery most prevalent in 1820?

2)In 1860?

3) How did the spread of slavery compare with the spread of cotton?

Connections:

1)How much of the world’s cotton was produced in the American South in 1860?

2)How did the number of slaves in the American South compare with that in the rest of the world?

3)What does this suggest about the South’s cotton kingdom?

Map Activity Choice Six: Map 13.2 The Agricultural Economy of the South, 1860

Information: Cotton dominated the South’s agricultural economy, but the region grew a variety of crops and was largely self-sufficient in foodstuffs.

Continued on the next page

Reading the Map:

1)In what type of geographic areas were rice and sugar grown?

2)After cotton, what crop commanded the greatest agricultural area in the South?

3)In which region of the South was this crop predominantly found?

Connections:

1)What role did the South play in the U.S. economy in 1860?

2)How did the economy of the South differ from that of the North?

Chapter 14 – Map Activity Choice One: Map 14.3 The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854

Information: Americans hardly thought twice about dispossessing the Indians of land guaranteed them by treaty, but many worried about the outcome of repealing the Missouri Compromise and opening up the region to slavery.

Reading the Map:

1)How many slave states and how many free states does the map show?

2)Estimate the percentage of new territory likely to be settled by slaveholders.

Connections:

1)Who would be more likely to support changes in government legislation to discontinue the Missouri Compromise – slaveholders or free-soil advocates?

2)Why?

Map Activity Choice Two: Map 14.4 Political Realignment, 1848-1860

Information: In 1848, slavery and sectionalism began taking their toll on the country’s party system. The Whig Party was an early casualty. By 1860, national parties – those that contended for votes in both North and South – had been replaced by regional parties.

Reading the Map:

1)Which states did the Democrats pick up in 1852 compared to 1848?

2) Which of these states did the Democrats lose in 1856?

3)Compare the general geographic location of the states won by the Republicans in 1856 versus those won in 1860.

Connections:

1)In the 1860 election, which party benefited the most from the western and midwestern states added to the Union since 1848?

2)Why do you think these states chose to back this party?

Continued on the next page

Chapter 15 – Map Activity Choice Three: Map 15.2 The Civil War 1861-1862

Information: While most eyes were focused on the eastern theater, especially the ninety-mile stretch of land between Washington, D.C. and the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, Union troops were winning strategic victories in the West.

Reading the Map:

1)In which states did the Confederacy and the Union each win the most battles during this period?

2) Which side used or followed water routes most for troop movements and attacks?

Connections:

1)Which major cities in the South and West fell to Union troops in 1862?

2)Which strategic area did those Confederate losses place in Union hands?

3)How did this outcome affect the later movement of troops and supplies?

Map Activity Choice Four: Map 15.3 The Civil War 1863-1865

Information: Ulysses S. Grant’s victory at Vicksburg divided the Confederacy at the Mississippi River. William Tecumseh Sherman’s march from Chattanooga to Savannah divided it again. In northern Virginia, Robert E. Lee fought fiercely, but Grant’s larger, better-supplied armies prevailed.

Reading the Map:

1)Describe the difference between Union and Confederate naval capacities.

2)Were the battles shown on the map fought primarily in Union-controlled or in Confederate-controlled territory? (Look at the land areas on the map)

Connections:

1)Did former slaves serve in the Civil War?

2)If so, on which side(s), and what did they do?

Chapter 16-Map Activity Choice Five: Map 16.1 A Southern Plantation in 1860 and 1881

Information: These maps of the Barrow plantation in Georgia illustrate some of the ways in which ex-slaves expressed their freedom. Freedmen and freedwomen deserted the clustered living quarters behind the master’s house, scattered over the plantation, built family cabins, and farmed rented land. The former Barrow sales also worked together to build a school and a church.

Reading the Map:

1)Compare the number and size of the slave quarters in 1860 with the homes of the former slaves in 1881.

2)How do they differ?

3)Which buildings were prominently located along the road in 1860, and which could be found along the road in 1881?

Continued on the next page

Connections:

1)How might the former master feel about the new configuration of buildings on the plantation in 1881?

2)In what ways did the new system of sharecropping replicate the old system of plantation agriculture?

3)In what ways was it different?

Map Activity Choice Six: Map 16.3 The Reconstruction of the South

Information: Myth has it that Republican rule of the former Confederacy was not only harsh but long. In most states, however, conservative southern whites stormed back into power in months or just a few years. By the election of 1876, Republican governments could be found in lonely three states, and they soon fell.

Reading the Map:

1)List in chronological order the readmission of the former Confederate states to the Union.

2) Which states reestablished conservative governments most quickly?

Connections:

1)What did the former Confederate states need to do to be readmitted to the Union?

2)How did reestablished conservative governments to Reconstruction?

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