It about business Ethics

 

SECTION A

Question 1: Case Study

Like most students at Arizona University, Ahmed was a student and spent twenty hours each week working at

the university library. He liked the library because it was quiet and he could study some of the time. One

interesting aspect of the library was the access to incredible databases, some of which were only for the

professors. As a student worker he was privy to all the database codes, and soon discovered large amounts of

materials for almost every class on campus.

Bill, one of Ahmed’s fellow library student workers, was constantly talking about doing weird stunts

and antics to put on YouTube. He was a nice person to be around but sometimes he was a little overbearing.

One evening when Ahmed started work, Bill was talking about the many ways to download pirated music,

movies, and books from the library’s system. “It is very easy and untraceable. I just route my requests to a

professor’s IP address, then send it to several other faculty IP addresses so it is difficult to trace. I then go to

one of the library computers, log in as someone else, put in a CD or Blu-Ray DVD, and burn what I want. The

people’s computers I route through get a message that someone logged into their account, but the IT guys just

tell them it’s no big deal and it happens all the time. IT never really looks into it because of the many systems

and IP addresses on campus. Do you want me to get you any movies or CDs?” Ahmed politely refused, knowing

full well this could get a person expelled from the university.

Several months passed and Bill became more popular. Every day someone stopped by the library desk

where he worked and talked to Bill. The person walked to one of the library’s computers, stuck in a disk, and

several minutes

later was gone. Ahmed looked at Bill and shook his head. Bill responded with a smile. One day, Ahmed found

an envelope with his name on it when he went to his usual desk. When he opened it, there was five hundred

dollars with a note saying, “Enjoy.” He started to ask people about the money, but then saw Bill smiling. At that

moment, Ahmed knew the money was from Bill. He tried to give it back, but Bill refused to take it or admit he

had given it to Ahmed in the first place.

Ahmed became increasingly uncomfortable with Bill’s behavior. He knew what Bill did was wrong and

possibly illegal. He didn’t want to be involved with it in any way, but he also didn’t want to become a snitch.

Now he was receiving money for his involvement. Ahmed felt the situation was escalating and he should say

something to his supervisor before something really bad happened, but he didn’t want to be the one to get Bill

in trouble. Ahmed knew Bill could be expelled for something like this, which could potentially damage his

entire future. Then again, Ahmed had his own future to worry about. Could he be expelled just for knowing

what kind of activities Bill was involved in? What should he do with the money Bill gave him? What might

happen if he doesn’t blow

the whistle?

Questions

a. Identify and describe three (3) stakeholders involved in this case and what stake they have in the

situation. (3 Marks)

b. Explain any ethical dilemma in the case study? (2 Mark

c. Identify two (2) ethical issues in this case study. (4 Marks)

d. If Ahmed was a utilitarian, explain how he will arrive at the most moral decision, and discuss any two

(2) potential problems he might encounter in the application of the theory?

(5 Marks)

e. If he was a deontologist, what decision would he be required to make? (3 marks)

f. If Ahmed was an ethical egoist, what main principle would influence his decision to destroy the

incriminating documents or not to? (3 Marks)

g. What would Ahmed be required to do to be described as a is whistle-blower?

(2 Marks)

h. Discuss four (4) risks Ahmed faces if he became a whistleblower. (4 Marks)

i. Discuss four (4) importance of whistleblowing (4 Marks)

SECTION B

Question 2.

Shaanxi mining Company (GH) Ltd. is a Chinese mining company operating in Ghana. Using relevant examples

discuss four (4) factors that might propel Shaanxi to engage in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

(15 marks)

Question 3.

As a student of Business Ethics and a managing director of a multinational company, discuss five (5) factors

you will consider in managing the multi-cultural and diversified workforce in Ghanaian business organizations.

Question 4.

a. The Government of Ghana has received a grant from JICA to build a number of hospitals in the country.

Using the Utilitarian principle, describe how government will be required to decide on where to build

these hospitals. (5 Marks)

b. Discuss four (4) potential problems the Government of Ghana might encounter in the use of this

principle. (10 Marks)

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