NUR 601 disc 4 replies


Please construct a peer reply to the two following discussions. Each reply should be a minimum of 150 words and use at least 1 academic source where relevant.

Case 1: LP

Moderate-intensity exercises, such as walking briskly, should be performed at least 150 minutes a week. These hours can be spread out throughout the week, such as 30 minutes five times a day. Two days of muscle-strengthening activities are necessary for adults. To meet and achieve Healthy People 2020 objectives, adults and youth must engage in activities to improve balance. First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move Initiative and the White House Childhood Obesity Task Force Report reflect on the Guidelines for Children. A study found that 28% of US adults 50 and older were physically inactive. Exercise can reduce the risk of moderate or severe functional limitations in middle-aged and older adults. Wellness checkups, also known as physicals, usually involve measurements of the patient’s height, weight, blood pressure, and pulse. In addition to identifying diabetes, cholesterol, and thyroid levels, this service may also include a blood test. Often, lab work is not considered a preventive service by insurance companies. It is common for patients to discuss their current health concerns, their health history, and any questions they may have during their checkups (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022).

Suppose the patient of middle-aged groups is at high risk for skin cancer. In that case, the healthcare professional may ask or counsel you about lifestyle choices such as drinking, smoking, nutrition, or physical activity. Providing safe and convenient access to locations that promote physical activity, such as parks, malls, and senior centers, is the responsibility of community organizations. Further, community organizations can offer physical activity programs to help people be as active as possible based on their abilities or conditions. Physical activity is possible for everyone with the support of friends, family, and coworkers. Encourage this age group to participate in local planning efforts that support safe and convenient places for people to exercise. There are programs tailored to specific age groups or mobility levels. The global food price crisis threatens public health, according to WHO, especially for women, children, the elderly, and low-income families. The economy plays a crucial role in determining individuals’ health and nutrition status. Consequently, people who change their diet pattern for economic reasons may develop a range of nutritionally related disorders and diseases, from over-nutrition to under-nutrition, even within the same household. This trend may be exacerbated by growing food insecurity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022).

Exercise can be encouraged in a variety of ways for older patients. Help patients develop an exercise plan and set realistic goals. Explain that physical activity—such as endurance, muscle-strengthening, balance, and flexibility exercises—is essential to healthy aging. Prepare an exercise prescription with type, frequency, intensity, and time; track progress and reevaluate goals as needed. Provide patients with community resources, such as walking groups at malls and fitness classes at senior centers. Limitations to older adults getting enough physical activity includes weakness and existing physical conditions such as diabetes (National Institute on Aging, 2016).

Case 2: ML

During the health fair, S.M. assesses her clients’ risk factors, including person-dependent factors and environmental-dependent factors. List at least three examples of person-dependent factors and environmental dependent-factors

The three risk factors of person-dependent factors entail a patient’s behavior, lifestyle, and a patient’s perception of the illness. It is essential to note that person-dependent factors usually revolve around the patient hence the factors mentioned above. On the other hand, the three risk factors are environmental dependent factors that incorporate the patient’s location, culture, and the patient’s community leaders. Also, it is essential to note that environmental dependent factors revolve around the patient’s surrounding hence the factors mentioned in the context above.

Define and describe the primary goals of screening

Notably, the primary goals of screening entail wellness promotion in the community, prevention of diseases, and prevention of future ill-health from any condition (“What screening aims to achieve and why evidence matters,” n.d.). In most cases, it is not only for diagnosis but the process of offering a test to identify the population that could benefit from a given treatment. In this regard, nurses are responsible for imparting health teachings to patients while assessing the risk factors associated with a given disease. This ultimately promotes community wellness and prevents diseases and future ill-health conditions.

Discuss your thoughts on the relationship between economics and nutrition. How would you advise people of low socioeconomic status to eat healthy on a budget? How would you respond to patients whose financial restraints limit their access to food?

Notably, a good economic status enables access to nutritional foods. Therefore, the relationship between economics and nutrition is essential in today’s contemporary world. My advice to people of low socioeconomic status to eat healthy on a budget is to prioritize nutritional foods necessary to the human body. Such foods include vegetables and fruits. These foods will show a person is eating healthy and on a budget. On the other hand, my advice to individuals or patients whose financial restraints limit their access to food is that they should assess foods that are only nutritious to the human body. Individuals with limited finances that restrict their access to food should engage in farming and planting fruits and vegetables for their daily consumption. This will increase their chances of accessing nutritional foods.

Identify potential barriers to patient teaching and how you would address these barriers.

The primary potential barrier to patient teaching is communication. Communication is essential in achieving good health teaching outcomes. Businesses across the globe rely on effective communication to achieve effective results, and the health industry is also not an exception in this context. Therefore, addressing the potential barrier, in this case, involves employing a specific language that can be used commonly by both patients and healthcare practitioners. This will improve health education and teachings, especially regarding eating healthy. Another potential barrier is the language barrier. This is also a common barrier, especially when patients do not speak the same language as the teacher. In essence, the language barrier can be between patients and nurses or patients and patients. Addressing the language barrier involves employing translators to help translate some of the teachings during patient teaching sessions.

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